Source code for plinth.app

# SPDX-License-Identifier: AGPL-3.0-or-later
"""
Base class for all Freedombox applications.
"""

import collections
import enum
import inspect
import logging
import sys

from plinth import cfg
from plinth.signals import post_app_loading

from . import clients as clients_module

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class App: """Implement common functionality for an app. An app is composed of components which actually performs various tasks. App itself delegates tasks for individual components. Applications can show a variation in their behavior by choosing which components to have and by customizing the components themselves. 'app_id' property of the app must be a string that is a globally unique ID. This is typically also the name of the python module handling the app. So, it should be all lower-case English alphabet and digits without any special characters. 'can_be_disabled' is a boolean indicating whether an app can be disabled by the user. Enable/disable button for this app will not be shown. Default value is True, so the app can be disabled. 'locked' is a boolean indicating whether the user can perform operations on the app. This flag is currently set during backup and restore operations but UI changes are currently not implemented. """ app_id = None can_be_disabled = True locked = False # Whether user interaction with the app is allowed. # XXX: Lockdown the application UI by implementing a middleware _all_apps = collections.OrderedDict()
[docs] class SetupState(enum.Enum): """Various states of app being setup.""" NEEDS_SETUP = 'needs-setup' NEEDS_UPDATE = 'needs-update' UP_TO_DATE = 'up-to-date'
[docs] def __init__(self): """Build the app by adding components. App may be built just for the purpose for querying. For example, when querying the list of package dependencies of essential apps, an app is minimally constructed under a read-only environment for querying from a specific component. So, this operation should have no side-effects such connecting to signals, running configuration corrections and scheduling operations. """ if not self.app_id: raise ValueError('Invalid app ID configured') self.components = collections.OrderedDict() # Add self to global list of apps self._all_apps[self.app_id] = self
[docs] def post_init(self): """Perform post initialization operations. Additional initialization operations such as connecting to signals, running configuration corrections and scheduling operations should be done in this method rather than in __init__(). """
[docs] @classmethod def get(cls, app_id): """Return an app with given ID.""" return cls._all_apps[app_id]
[docs] @classmethod def list(cls): """Return a list of all apps.""" return cls._all_apps.values()
[docs] def add(self, component): """Add a component to an app.""" component.app_id = self.app_id self.components[component.component_id] = component return self
[docs] def remove(self, component_id): """Remove a component from the app.""" component = self.components[component_id] component.app_id = None del self.components[component_id] return component
[docs] def get_component(self, component_id): """Return a component given the component's ID.""" return self.components[component_id]
[docs] def get_components_of_type(self, component_type): """Return all components of a given type.""" for component in self.components.values(): if isinstance(component, component_type): yield component
@property def info(self): """Return the information component of the app. It is mandatory to have one :class:`~plinth.app.Info` component in every app to provide basic information about the app. Trying to access this property without having the Info component will result in a KeyError exception being raised. The lookup for the Info component is performed using the auto-generated component_id assigned to the Info component based on the app_id. """ return self.get_component(self.app_id + '-info')
[docs] def setup(self, old_version): """Install and configure the app and its components.""" for component in self.components.values(): component.setup(old_version=old_version)
[docs] def get_setup_state(self) -> SetupState: """Return whether the app is not setup or needs upgrade.""" current_version = self.get_setup_version() if current_version and self.info.version <= current_version: return self.SetupState.UP_TO_DATE # If an app needs installing/updating but no setup method is available, # then automatically set version. # # Minor violation of 'get' only discipline for convenience. module = sys.modules[self.__module__] if not hasattr(module, 'setup'): self.set_setup_version(self.info.version) return self.SetupState.UP_TO_DATE if not current_version: return self.SetupState.NEEDS_SETUP return self.SetupState.NEEDS_UPDATE
[docs] def get_setup_version(self) -> int: """Return the setup version of the app.""" # XXX: Optimize version gets from . import models try: app_entry = models.Module.objects.get(pk=self.app_id) return app_entry.setup_version except models.Module.DoesNotExist: return 0
[docs] def needs_setup(self) -> bool: """Return whether the app needs to be setup. A simple shortcut for get_setup_state() == NEEDS_SETUP """ return self.get_setup_state() == self.SetupState.NEEDS_SETUP
[docs] def set_setup_version(self, version: int) -> None: """Set the app's setup version.""" from . import models models.Module.objects.update_or_create( pk=self.app_id, defaults={'setup_version': version})
[docs] def enable(self): """Enable all the components of the app.""" for component in self.components.values(): component.enable()
[docs] def disable(self): """Enable all the components of the app.""" for component in reversed(self.components.values()): component.disable()
[docs] def is_enabled(self): """Return whether all the leader components are enabled. Return True when there are no leader components. """ return all((component.is_enabled() for component in self.components.values() if component.is_leader))
[docs] def set_enabled(self, enabled): """Update the status of all follower components. Do not query or update the status of the leader components. """ for component in self.components.values(): if not component.is_leader: component.set_enabled(enabled)
[docs] def diagnose(self): """Run diagnostics and return results. Return value must be a list of results. Each result is a two-tuple with first value as user visible description of the test followed by the result. The test result is a string enumeration from 'failed', 'passed', 'error' and 'warning'. Results are typically collected by diagnosing each component of the app and then supplementing the results with any app level diagnostic tests. Also see :meth:`.has_diagnostics`. """ results = [] for component in self.components.values(): results.extend(component.diagnose()) return results
[docs] def has_diagnostics(self): """Return whether at least one diagnostic test is implemented. If this method returns True, a button or menu item is shown to the user to run diagnostics on this app. When the action is selected by the user, the :meth:`.diagnose` method is called and the results are presented to the user. Additionally collection of diagnostic results of all apps can be obtained by the user from the Diagnostics module in System section. If a component of this app implements a diagnostic test, this method returns True. Further, if a subclass of App overrides the :meth:`.diagnose` method, it is assumed that it is for implementing diagnostic tests and this method returns True for such an app. Override this method if this default behavior does not fit the needs. """ # App implements some diagnostics if self.__class__.diagnose is not App.diagnose: return True # Any of the components implement diagnostics for component in self.components.values(): if component.has_diagnostics(): return True return False
[docs]class Component: """Interface for an app component. `app_id` is a string which is set to the value of the application's app_id to which this component belongs. It is set when the component is added to an app. When the component is removed from an app, it set to None. """ is_leader = False
[docs] def __init__(self, component_id): """Initialize the component.""" if not component_id: raise ValueError('Invalid component ID') self.component_id = component_id self.app_id = None
@property def app(self): """Return the app this component is part of. Raises KeyError if this component is not part of any app. """ return App.get(self.app_id)
[docs] def setup(self, old_version): """Run operations to install and configure the component."""
[docs] def enable(self): """Run operations to enable the component."""
[docs] def disable(self): """Run operations to disable the component."""
[docs] @staticmethod def diagnose(): """Run diagnostics and return results. Return value must be a list of results. Each result is a two-tuple with first value as user visible description of the test followed by the result. The test result is a string enumeration from 'failed', 'passed' and 'error'. Also see :meth:`.has_diagnostics`. """ return []
[docs] def has_diagnostics(self): """Return whether at least one diagnostic test is implemented. If this method return True, the :meth:`App.has_diagnostics`. also returns True. If a subclass of Component overrides the :meth:`.diagnose` method, it is assumed that it is for implementing diagnostic tests and this method returns True for such a component. Override this method if this default behavior does not fit the needs. """ return self.__class__.diagnose is not Component.diagnose
[docs]class FollowerComponent(Component): """Interface for an app component that follows other components. These components of the app don't determine if the app is enabled or not. """ is_leader = False
[docs] def __init__(self, component_id, is_enabled=False): """Initialize the component.""" super().__init__(component_id) self._is_enabled = is_enabled
[docs] def is_enabled(self): """Return whether the component is enabled.""" return self._is_enabled
[docs] def set_enabled(self, enabled): """Update the internal enabled state of the component.""" self._is_enabled = enabled
[docs] def enable(self): """Run operations to enable the component.""" self._is_enabled = True
[docs] def disable(self): """Run operations to disable the component.""" self._is_enabled = False
[docs]class LeaderComponent(Component): """Interface for an app component that decides the state of the app. These components determine if the app is enabled or not. """ is_leader = True
[docs] def is_enabled(self): """Return if the component is enabled.""" raise NotImplementedError
[docs]class Info(FollowerComponent): """Component to capture basic information about an app."""
[docs] def __init__(self, app_id, version, is_essential=False, depends=None, name=None, icon=None, icon_filename=None, short_description=None, description=None, manual_page=None, clients=None, donation_url=None): """Store the basic properties of an app as a component. Each app must contain at least one component of this type to provide basic information about the app such as it's version number. Instead of polluting the list of properties of an app, this component stores them separately. This component can also be safely passed around to template etc. without exposing the methods of an app and without creating unnecessarily cyclic dependencies. 'app_id' must be the unique ID of the app to which this information belongs. 'version' is the monotonically increasing positive integer starting at 1. It represents the version number of the app. It is used by the setup mechanism. When an app's version number is increased, the setup mechanism assumes that the setup() method of the app needs to run again. This is used to upgrade/change configuration/setup of a app when a new version of the app is deployed on users' machine. 'is_essential' is a boolean that marks the app as mandatory for the basic functions of the system. If True, this app will be installed and setup during the first run of FreedomBox even before first setup wizard is shown to the user. 'depends' is the list of other apps that this app depends on. Apps from this list are guaranteed to be initialized before initializing the app to which this component belongs. 'name' is the user visible name of this app. It is shown as the title of the app in the list of apps and when viewing app details. It should be a lazily translated Django string. 'icon' is the name of icon to use with this app from a predetermined list of icons. This is currently an icon class name from the Fork Awesome font. It is used when showing the app in the System section. Each app typically has either an 'icon' or 'icon_filename' property set. 'icon_filename' is the name of the icon file, without the suffix, to be used with this app. A .svg file (used in the web interface) and a .png file (currently used by Android App) must be provided by the app. It is used in the primary app page and on the app listing page. Each app typically has either an 'icon' or 'icon_filename' property set. 'short_description' is the user visible generic name of the app. For example, for the 'Tor' app the short description is 'Anonymity Network'. It is shown along with the name of the app in the list of apps and when viewing the app's main page. It should be a lazily translated Django string. 'description' is the user visible full description of the app. It is shown along in the app page along with other app details. It should be a list of lazily translated Django strings. Each string is rendered as a paragraph on the page. It may contain HTML <a> tags to provide links to external content. 'manual_page' is the optional name of the page for this app in the user manual. If provided, a 'Learn more...' link appears in the app page for this app. 'clients' is the list of applications that can be used with the services provided by this app. This is used to suggest installation of compatible clients on desktop, web and mobile. This is a list of dictionaries who structure is documented in plinth.clients. 'donation_url' is a link to a webpage that describes how to donate to the upstream project. """ self.component_id = app_id + '-info' self.app_id = app_id self.version = version self.is_essential = is_essential self.depends = depends or [] self.name = name self.icon = icon self.icon_filename = icon_filename self.short_description = short_description self.description = description self.manual_page = manual_page self.clients = clients self.donation_url = donation_url if clients: clients_module.validate(clients)
class EnableState(LeaderComponent): """A component to hold the enable state of an app using a simple flag.""" @property def key(self): """Return the storage key.""" if not self.app_id: raise KeyError('Component must be added to an app before use.') return f'{self.app_id}_enable' def is_enabled(self): """Return whether the app/component is enabled.""" from plinth import kvstore return kvstore.get_default(self.key, False) def enable(self): """Store that the app/component is enabled.""" from plinth import kvstore kvstore.set(self.key, True) def disable(self): """Store that the app/component is disabled.""" from plinth import kvstore kvstore.set(self.key, False) def apps_init(): """Create apps by constructing them with components.""" from . import module_loader # noqa # Avoid circular import for module_name, module in module_loader.loaded_modules.items(): _initialize_module(module_name, module) _sort_apps() logger.info('Initialized apps - %s', ', '.join( (app.app_id for app in App.list()))) def _sort_apps(): """Sort apps list according to their essential/dependency order.""" apps = App._all_apps ordered_modules = [] remaining_apps = dict(apps) # Make a copy # Place all essential modules ahead of others in module load order sorted_apps = sorted( apps, key=lambda app_id: not App.get(app_id).info.is_essential) for app_id in sorted_apps: if app_id not in remaining_apps: continue app = remaining_apps.pop(app_id) try: _insert_apps(app_id, app, remaining_apps, ordered_modules) except KeyError: logger.error('Unsatified dependency for app - %s', app_id) new_all_apps = collections.OrderedDict() for app_id in ordered_modules: new_all_apps[app_id] = apps[app_id] App._all_apps = new_all_apps def _insert_apps(app_id, app, remaining_apps, ordered_apps): """Insert apps into a list based on dependency order.""" if app_id in ordered_apps: return for dependency in app.info.depends: if dependency in ordered_apps: continue try: app = remaining_apps.pop(dependency) except KeyError: logger.error('Not found or circular dependency - %s, %s', app_id, dependency) raise _insert_apps(dependency, app, remaining_apps, ordered_apps) ordered_apps.append(app_id) def _initialize_module(module_name, module): """Perform initialization on all apps in a module.""" # Perform setup related initialization on the module from . import setup # noqa # Avoid circular import setup.init(module_name, module) try: module_classes = inspect.getmembers(module, inspect.isclass) app_classes = [ cls for _, cls in module_classes if issubclass(cls, App) ] for app_class in app_classes: module.app = app_class() except Exception as exception: logger.exception('Exception while running init for %s: %s', module, exception) if cfg.develop: raise def apps_post_init(): """Run post initialization on each app.""" for app in App.list(): try: app.post_init() if not app.needs_setup() and app.is_enabled(): app.set_enabled(True) except Exception as exception: logger.exception('Exception while running post init for %s: %s', app.app_id, exception) if cfg.develop: raise logger.debug('App initialization completed.') post_app_loading.send_robust(sender="app")